ADHD

Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Impulsivity Problems

Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity problems fall along a continuum. For some children and teens, such symptoms do not impair functioning enough to warrant a diagnosis of ADHD, but the symptoms nevertheless cause frustration in the child or teen or those near her, or impede her learning to some degree. DSM-PC describes these inattention and hyperactivity and impulsivity problems as follows.

Inattention Problem

Diagnostic code: V40.3
Adapted from DSM-PC. Refer to DSM-PC for further description.

Description of Symptoms

Infancy

  • Infant may have a brief gaze, difficulty finishing tasks (e.g., crawling to an object), and marked distractibility while eating.

Early Childhood

  • Child’s distractibility and brief attention span cause some family problems and difficulty playing with same-age peers.

Middle Childhood and Adolescence

  • Child or teen tends to miss instructions in school, give up on tasks easily, and miss subtle social cues.

Hyperactive Impulsive Behavior Problem

Diagnostic code: V40.3
Adapted from DSM-PC. Refer to DSM-PC for further description.

Description of Symptoms

Infancy

  • Infant may exhibit early motor development with squirming and increased climbing.

Early Childhood

  • Child runs into people and things, cannot sit still, and often has minor injuries.

Middle Childhood

  • Child is intrusive, interrupts others often, and has trouble completing chores.

Adolescence

  • Teen’s “fooling around” behavior annoys others; teen fidgets when sitting.